In the modern day, there are many emerging programming languages that serve different purposes. Some are used for web development, others work for native mobile apps, and some others can do it all and even something more.
As more innovative technological solutions emerge and change the world as we know it, people get more interested in technologies behind them. A programming language is responsible for enhancing technology, boosting progress, and changing the way humanity lives and works to a great extent.
In this post, we will dwell upon the top five emerging programming languages to watch out for in 2019-2020.
Go is one of the most discussed new programming languages. With the help of this open-source coding language, programmers can build efficient, stable, and simple software solutions. Google adopted Go to enhance programming productivity in the highly demanding digital age. This language unites the performance of traditional C++ and Java with the ease of Python. With Go, developers can build scalable applications. The most devoted advocates of Go believe that it will be the server language of the future. It’s highly possible if we remember that Google stands by this language.
Go is lightweight and it fits the modern microservices architecture well. This language takes its first steps in data science as well. Go is not widely used so far, but it is slowly getting more traction. Currently, it is one of the most promising coding languages in the tech world.
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Elixir is a dynamic, functional language created for developing scalable and maintainable applications. It was created back in 2012 and has been getting more and more traction ever since. In 2017, Elixir became one of the most favorite programming languages, according to Stack Overflow. Many developers get interested in Elixir programming when they learn its benefits. Elixir is quick, reliable, tolerant to errors, scalable, and concurrent. The syntax of this coding language is clear and easy to understand. One more great thing about it is that Elixir doesn’t serve any particular niche. It means that one can use it for different projects for any industry.
Skilled and experienced Elixir developers are in demand globally. Currently, many Ruby developers choose Elixir for their projects. It’s not surprising since this programming language gives them great opportunities to enhance their productivity and build better, more secure technological solutions faster.
Crystal is one more programming language you should take into account and keep an eye on. It is as slick as Ruby and as fast as C. This high-level general-purpose programming language has many advantages. It has an advanced type of interface. What’s more, it has advanced garbage collection as well. Crystal is a fully object-oriented compiled programming language.
The syntax of the Crystal and Ruby languages is quite alike. Yet, Crystal can compile to efficient native code. Crystal also gives programmers an opportunity to call C code by writing bindings to it in Crystal.
The core unique features of Crystal are the usage of channels for the purpose of achieving concurrency and usage of macros to avoid boilerplate code. What’s more, Crystal can take advantage of metaprogramming abilities. This programming language has a very strong command, powered by excellent built-in tools. There is also a playground for quick and fun prototyping. All in all, Crystal is a promising innovative programming language the developer community has high hopes for.
Elm is a purely functional language that runs quickly without any exceptions. It gives programmers powerful tools to build amazing projects in code that compiles to a .css file. This way, sharing code between stylesheets and applications is not a problem anymore. Programmers can be sure that their constants never get out of sync when writing in Elm.
Rust was developed by a Mozilla ex-employee Graydon Hoare back in 2010. However, only recently the language has started gaining more and more attention in the programming world. Mozilla played a crucial role in marketing and sponsoring the development of this coding language.
This systems programming language combines C-like efficiency and memory controller with the features of a functional language. Rust has strong static typing and type interface. This coding language is quick, secure and concurrent.
Rust incorporated the best practices from C++ and added a layer of memory security to them. Rust code emphasizes zero-cost abstractions, which results in low or no runtime costs and quick performance. All in all, Rust provides programmers with better memory management and performance than C++ currently can. Yet, one needs to know C++ well before they can manage Rust.
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There are hundreds of programming languages out there. Yet, only some of them make it big and get adopted by the titans of the digital industry.
As the technologies change and develop quickly, a need for new advanced programming languages stays acute. For this reason, it’s a good idea for every programmer to keep an eye on emerging programming languages. You never know what technology and knowledge you might need to implement in your next project.
This article is written by Maria Redka. Maria is a Technology Writer at MLSDev, a web and mobile app development company in Ukraine. She has been writing content professionally for more than 3 years. Maria researches the IT industry and the app development market to create educative content for the company's clients and build MLSDev as a brand. The opportunity to share her knowledge with people who are looking for valuable information to understand more about app development is something that motivates Maria and inspires her to create more quality content.