HTML and CSS for Web Designers – Essential Guidelines

Due to the rising demand of website, HTML and CSS have become essentials for creating a most fascinating and feature-rich website. So, it is important for the designers to be aware about it. May or may not be beginners sentient about all the features of HTML and CSS, while building an effective website. Let’s take a look at the some fundamentals that have been outlined across the globe. We are going to reflect a light over some key elements of front-end design and development that need to be followed by beginner web developers.

A Glimpse Over Common Terminology & Syntax

Before going to start work on project using HTML and CSS, learn about both of these technologies and understand the basic need of them. Firstly, know the difference between HTML and CSS, because there is a gigantic difference between in these two languages. Therefore, it is vital to understand their syntax and terminology.


HTML is a markup language, which is required for building web pages and other information that are unable to view over the most of the web browsers. It is an abbreviation of hyper text markup language, which is used to provide a clear, structural and meaningful layout over the web pages. HTML is written within its tags and elements like <html>. All the web browsers are capable of reading HTML documents, this is why all files that cannot be displayed over the browsers need to be converted in HTML firstly, then only these files will be visible over web pages or can be accessed by the visitors. However, the tags interpret all the content of a page, but does not display over browser.


CSS (cascading style sheet) is a style sheet and effective appearance provider language, used for formatting and describing look of a document, which is written in markups. This language can ba applied with all kinds of XML such as SVG, XUL and plain XML.

The primary aim of this language is to separate document content from document presentation using amazing elements, like colors, fonts, layout and many more. This separation improves the accessibility of the content and caters flexibility to control over the presentation characteristics. This technology also enables multiple pages to share formatting and reduce complexities with the help of structural content (means tableless web design).

Some ingredients of HTML

Be familiar with few common and popular terms that play a significant role in developing an effective website via HTML language – tags, elements and attributes.


There are two types of tags, one is opening tag and another is closing tag. Remember that opening tags are used at the beginning of an element and closing tags always begin with a forward slash and marked at the end of an element or after the element, like:



Elements define only the objects of page, structure and content just like a designator. Here are some popular elements, like ‘p’, ‘a’ ‘div’, ‘span’, ‘em’, ‘strong’ and ‘h1 through h6’.

For example:

<a>, <p>, <h2>, or <em>, etc.


Attributes are the properties that provide an additional instruction to the given element. Usually, they include class, ID or title to an element and give a source (src) to media link and offer a hyperlink reference (href).

For Example:

<a href = “”>Example</a>

Some ingredients of CSS

Your work of web design will be much easy, if you are familiar with CSS and its terms.


It determines the style of content and has to be applied to an element. You can also use it for text appearing, just use right before a colon.

For Example:

Color: #ff0;
Font-size: 15px;


A selector is recognized the one that comes right before the curly braces. It may include various types, classes, IDs and attributes.

For Example:



Attribute determines the behavior of property and value recognized as the text, which is placed in between of colon and semicolon.

For example:

color: #ff1;
font-size: 14px;

Box Model & Positioning for HTML and CSS

Box model is one of the basic principles of HTML and CSS, which need to understand. It states that every element on the web page is available in rectangular size and it may covers margins, padding and borders. Some important points locate to the elements:

  • Software development
  • Website development/design
  • Logo design
  • Cheap or affordable web hosting
  • Conference speakers
  • Professional web development


We hope that these guidelines will really help you understand the necessity of web design. Moreover, you can learn more facts by downloading the zipped files of HTML and CSS features or check it out informative tutorial videos over the internet.

This article is written by Elena. She is a proficient blogger at PHP Development Services, who writes effective articles and blogs that prove to be the best source of inspiration for the amateur developers. She likes to share essential tips for maintaining the websites, SMO and more.

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Published By: Souvik Banerjee

Souvik BanerjeeWeb Developer & SEO Specialist with 15+ years of experience in Open Source Web Development specialized in Joomla & WordPress development. He is also the moderator of this blog "RS Web Solutions".