How to Build a Website – A to Z Guide for Beginners

February 21, 2013

Web Design

How to Build a Website - A to Z Guide for Beginners

We have traveled far ahead of our past generations and have reached an age of information revolution. Today, the whole world revolves not around the Sun but around information and entertainment associated with it.

World Wide Web or WWW is at the base of this information revolution. Though its age, if mapped against other inventions, is quite negligible but the overall impact is equal to the cumulative value of all other greatest inventions including the wheel.

No one can imagine how we would be living now without internet. Many of us may not even ready to think about life-with-out-internet. Affordability, ease and flexibility are the driving factors for WWW to spread its tentacles in almost all phases of life.

Further innovations have led the geeks and common people as well to embrace the state-of-the-art technology called HTML and stamp their presence in the World Wide Web.

This little handbook is prepared by keeping the beginners that wish to know about website building and its management in nutshell.

What is Website?

A layman’s definition for website could be like “a pool of information or entertainment that is accessible round the clock”.

In geek’s lingo website is “a pool of software scripts, add-ons, plug-ins that run in cohesion and offer various services to the target customers.”

Either ways, website provides information on almost everything that can be accessed with click of a mouse 24/7. Another greatest advantage that a website provides is the ‘reach’.

Think of a name and make it your Domain

History teaches us that the erstwhile kings were ruling over a piece of land called as kingdom or dominion. Similarly, if you wish to be a webmaster and wants to rule over a piece of internet space, you must come up with a name for your kingdom. Web technology calls your kingdom as ‘Domain’. Coin a name that is simple and easy remember. Difficult names would never make it.

Chose exact Domain Extension

Once the domain name is ready it must be married with a perfect partner called as ‘domain extension’. This extension is not a tile that could be wagged at free will but the essence of your website’s concept. Some of the popular extensions are .com, .net, .org, .biz, .info, .edu. Each extension is an abbreviation of a meaningful word. .com stands for Commercial, .org means Organization, and .edu means Education. If your website is meant to do a certain business, you can opt for .com or .net but cannot take up .edu extension.

If you are a patriot and wish to emphasize the country that you belong to, internet services offers you to register country-wise extensions too. Extensions like .us, .uk, .au, indicate the USA, United Kingdom and Australia respectively. You can try out more precise extensions like www.yourdomain.co.us wherein .co stands for Company.

Web Hosting Services

Now you are ready with your dominion (with suitable extension) and now is the time for you to get into some technicalities of internet. Web hosting is the critical and vital back-end service which keeps your domain available 24/7.

Choosing Hosting Plan

There are many hosting service providers out there and a newbie would get caught in a dilemma as to how to choose the right hosting plan. But it is not that difficult as it appears. Take the help of internet search, read reviews and opinions written by the users just like you and then compare the rates.

Set the Home

Now you have done with the homework and it is the time to go public. ‘Face is the index of mind’. Let us not forget this adage even in this modern age of internet. Web designing is the phase during which the construction of your dominion begins. Web designing and development is similar to the brick-and-mortar work while building a house. Please note that web designing and development is different from web hosting service.

Designing involves the creation of homepage, About Us, Services page and other such things where there is a need to attract the customers’ attention. A good homepage has got better penetration into the market.
Web development is the technical part comprising of writing various program scripts, creation of database etc. It is a complete back-end operation that runs on a server hired from web hosting company.

Using Site Builder

This section is for those who do not wish or unable to employ web designing and development professionals yet wish to go online with a website.

Of late, most of the web hosting companies from whom you book domain and server space, are offering in-built software called Site Builder. This site builder software comes with preinstalled templates for almost all categories like businesses, leisure, sports, spirituality etc. With the help of Site builder you can quickly build the website. All you need to do is to pick & choose the options available and do some mix and match kind of stuff.

Stunning templates with predefined menu buttons, content publishing tools, ecommerce add-ons etc. make the site builder an irresistible package. You can tune the options to suit to your need and include social book markings, multimedia files etc.

A word of caution for you here. There is no doubt that site builder saves money for a newbie like you but most of the features of a site builders work with on that hosting account only. If you try to move your website to another server hosted by a different hosting company, you may not be able to move the entire website. You need to thoroughly check this out before building a site.

Also what happened in many cases, at the beginning of your business you may not have too much fund available in hand to invest, but you need a website or blog to create the online presence of your business. Free website builder can help you in this point of time. Currently there are several popular free online website builders available from which you can choose. Just go to Google or Wikipedia and search for “Free Website Builder” and you will get a very big list of websites. Before choosing any of them go through the list of features they are offering and choose which one fits mostly with your business and personal needs.

Website Security

Now you are on your way to begin a campaign in that wild, wild world wide web. But as any campaign has got its own hurdles to cross, there are certain threats that you must keep in mind.

Hacking and spamming are the two prevalent methods that can take life out of your website. Hackers can suck out the critical business information or personal information of your members/ users.

You need to protect your website from these miscreants and to achieve this you must take help from the hosting company and also from the developers who scripted the software programs for your website. As a webmaster who are responsible to ensure the safety and security of your website and hence the precaution must start from you only.

Get Them All

You have now created a formidable domain that is well equipped and heavily protected. You have the attractions and protections too. Now the next assignment is to get the visitors knocking at your homepage. To do this all you need is dedication and devotion.

Content rules the internet. Keep this as thumb rule. Fill your website with useful, entertaining and unique content. Add pictures and/or videos where needed. Do not cluster the web pages with too many unwanted colors, images and videos. Too many flashy and pop-up items detest the visitors.

Search Engine Optimization is one important aspect that must be followed in true letter and spirit while developing the content. By using proper keywords, search phrases and catchy titles, you are going to be there on top of web searches. Once you are on top, you need nothing to pull the visitors to your website.

Other Ways to Become Popular

Once having filled the website with unique content with regular updates, go all out and share the links with social networking sites, blog rolls, aggregators etc. Also get into link building by partnering with already popular websites.

Be Available at Call

As an owner of a website, be it personal or business, you must be available to your visitors/customers. More often than not potential customers do write to your mail asking for more information. Timely response to such queries work for you in many ways. A quick and prompt response creates an aura around you and builds a formidable reputation as well.

Last Few Words

Success is something that comes from sincere and dedicated hard work of yours and rest of the guides, suggestions, and handbooks are for information or insight only.

Trust that this little guide is of some help to you as a beginner and wish you all the success!

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About Souvik Banerjee

Web Developer and SEO Specialist with 10+ years of experience in open source web development. He is also the moderator of this blog (www.rswebsols.com)

View all posts by Souvik Banerjee

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4 Responses to “How to Build a Website – A to Z Guide for Beginners”

  1. Hendrik Koehler Says:

    “With the help of Site builder you can quickly build the website.” Creating a website is now not costly as one can create a website for free without using the services of a professional website designer. there are various website builder that you can use for instance websitebuilder.net

    Reply

  2. Alex Mihai Says:

    I’m a student at computer science and trust me, they don’t teach stuff like this, we study things that are 50 years ago created and now are rarely used, just for increasing our knowledge base…

    Reply

  3. SLSC Says:

    Hi there, I would like to build a website, made up of database content, with complicated search options, listing all education institutions in many areas, containg duscussion areas and more…. can you please tell me which is the best softaware to do this myself?
    Many thanks!

    Reply

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